The 7th European Framework Programme (FP7) was the predecessor of Horizon 2020.
FP7 is the short name for the Seventh 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, the European Union’s main instrument for funding research in Europe. From 2007 until 2013, the European Union supported multicultural, transdisciplinary projects that united partners from member states, associated and third countries with professional backgrounds for the development of high-quality knowledge. FP7 was also designed to respond to Europe’s employment needs, competitiveness and quality of life. The programme had a total budget of over € 50 billion and was made up of 4 main blocks of activities forming 4 specific programmes plus a fifth specific programme on nuclear research and the research centres:
Cooperation – Ideas – People – Capacities – Euratom – Joint Research Centre
The core of FP7, representing two thirds of the overall budget, was the Cooperation programme. It fosters collaborative research across Europe and other partner countries through projects by transnational consortia of industry and academia. Research was carried out in ten key thematic areas:
- Food, agriculture and fisheries, and biotechnology
- Information and communication technologies
- Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies
- Environment (including climate change)
- Transport (including aeronautics)
- Socio-economic sciences and the humanities
Space in FP7
The aim of the Space theme under FP7 was to support a European Space Programme focusing on applications such as “Global monitoring for environment and security” (GMES) with benefits for citizens and for the competitiveness of the European space industry. The EU Member States have earmarked more than € 1.4 billion for funding this theme over the duration of FP7.
Emphasis was given to the following activities:
- Space-based applications serving European society – developing satellite observation systems and the GMES services for the management of the environment, security, agriculture, forestry and meteorology, civil protection and risk management;
- Exploration of space – provision of support for collaborative initiatives between ESA or national space agencies, as well as coordinating efforts for the development of space-borne telescopes
- Strengthening Space foundations – support research for long term needs such as space transportation, bio-medicine, life and physical sciences in space.
All under FP7 funded projects, closed or still running, can be found on the CORDIS Website.